Shooting time-lapse videos began in 1872 by a photographer named Eadweard Muybridge. He shot off a running horse. Afterwards, a new horizon of time-lapse videos started. Nowadays, making time-lapse videos has become a complete profession, and photographers make videos for various purposes like an advertisement, research work, and cast lengthy events in a short time, such as to show a construction work off to a customer in a short time.
Making time-lapse videos is an excellent experience because you can see them in a few seconds or minutes after shooting a very long video. You can take an overview of how a flower is blooming, a breathtaking view of the sunrise and set, and people’s activities at the busiest place in a short time.
There are two methods to make a time-lapse video, the first one using videos, and the second using various photos.
In this method, you can use your android phone or iPhone to switch on the camera and press the “Time-Lapse” button to start shooting a video. It would be best to place your phone safely while shooting because a movement or shake can spoil your video. Some phones do not have a Time-Lapse button by default, don’t worry, you can easily download it from the play store.
You can shoot a time-lapse video by stitching multiple still images, and events may have the length of minutes, hours, days, weeks, or months. After capturing the video, you can play it with great speed to compose a time-lapse video. The time interval between the two photos depends upon the event’s duration.
To capture the time-lapse video, you have to arrange some hardware to capture the video successfully. The required hardware will include in the following articles described below:
1. A Camera
2. An ND Filter
3. A Tripod
4. An Intervalometer(In case of your Camera has not.)
5. A Memory Card
6. Sight Where To Shoot
A camera is a practical component used in time-lapse photography. You can use multiple ranges of cameras for this purpose; for instance, Canon EOS R6 released on 9th July 2020 with an RF lens and 20Mp sensor is a good camera. Another example, Canon EOS Rebel SL3 with a 24.1Mp sensor and EF-S lens you would use.
A Neutral Density Filter(ND Filter) plays a vital role on sunny days to get clear images for time-lapse videos. An ND filter helps to drop ten stops exposure, 1000X darker to make a time-lapse video ideal.
A tripod helps you to hold a camera for a long time when you shoot a time-lapse video. A tripod also prevents your camera from moving. The slightest movement in camera position, focus, or exposure can spoil the result of the movie. So you should lock your camera on a tripod before the shoot the video.
An intervalometer helps you to take several pictures in a specific time interval. It frees you from touching a shutter while taking pictures. You can take numerous images with the help of an intervalometer.
Suppose you have a memory issue with your camera. In that case, you can use an external memory device to cope with this issue because when you shoot a very lengthy video, it may include in weeks or months, you may face a memory issue. I recommend you a 32GB or above-capacity memory card.
There are various sights to shoot time videos around you. You can shoot a video as you need. For example, you can shoot in the city center to overview the activities of the people.
After choosing the right place to shoot, lock your camera on a tripod and place it in the best place. Now, switch your camera on manual mode for better control over the shot. Manual mode will prevent you from a sudden change in exposure due to clouds because you require constant exposure to get better results.
It is an essential thing in time-lapse photography to focus your camera. It would be best if you did this in manual mode. Before shooting, you should concentrate your view carefully.
If you take a considerable interval between two events, it will hard to see the relationship between the two events. Here are some gaps to guide you.
a) In a cityscape, you can take one photo per second.
b) For a landscape where clouds are moving fastly, it is one shot per three seconds.
c) In the landscape without clouds or slow-moving clouds, it would be one photo per five to ten seconds.
d) If you are shooting in a day-night transition, it would be one photo per thirty seconds.
e) If the night is with a full moon, it would be one photo per eight to twelve seconds, and with stars, it would be one photo per twenty to thirty seconds.
For time-lapse photography, the shutter speed should be double your frame rate. For instance, if you are shooting at 30fps, then you can set your shutter speed at 1/60 of a second.
After combining the captured photos, you will make a video and play it at the precise speed at which you can see, recognize, and distinguish between moving objects. It is only possible if you reproduce at 30fps.
ISO is the camera’s ability to gather light. Higher ISO ratings enhance the film’s ability to take photos in low light. You need to set it at the lowest rate if it is sunny.
To control an excess amount of light for better results in a time-lapse video, you should use ND filters. An ND filter does not disturb your shutter speed.
It prevents you from pressing the shutter manually for each photo.
Note: Before start making takes some test shots to make sure that your focus and exposure are good.
You should take a photo in 4-by-3 size, not in 16-by-9 because it will help you crop it later. You can zoom in without losing quality. You also can create an MP4 video.
Yes, of course, you can make a time-lapse video on your iPhone because iPhone has this feature. Switch the camera on and go into settings and select the time-lapse video option.
It is tough to make a time-lapse video without an intervalometer. You can buy this device separately from a market and attach it to your camera.
ND filter is the best option to cope with this problem.